Impure Cinema: Intermedial and Intercultural Approaches to Film. Edited by Lucia Nagib and Anne Jerslev (London: I.B. Tauris, 2014).
This edited collection features a diverse selection of chapters that each engage in some way with Andre Bazin’s provocative essay ‘Pour un cinema impur: defense de l’adaptation’ (1951), which was later translated as ‘In Defence of Mixed Cinema’ (1967). Lee Broughton’s chapter titled ‘Captain Swing the Fearless: A Turkish Film Adaptation of an Italian Western Comic Strip’ examines director Tunc Basaran’s determined efforts to bring the adventures of a popular Italian comic strip character, Il Comandante Mark, to Turkey’s cinema screens at the turn of the 1970s.
Despite being hampered by a low budget, Basaran’s largely faithful approach to adaptation resulted in Korkusuz Kaptan Swing (Turkey, 1971) becoming one of Turkish popular cinema’s most striking and best-loved films. Basaran’s points of reference for this American Revolutionary War set film were the imaginings of Italian comic strip writers (the EsseGesse collective) rather than American history books or Hollywood films. As a result, Korkusuz Kaptan Swing is an American War of Independence film that remains quite unlike any that preceded it.